Understanding the Judicial System in Brazil

Brazil is teeming with lawyers due to a large number of law schools in the country. Brazil has more law schools compared to the world’s total law schools combined. The country has 800,000 lawyers implying that there are more lawyers per capita in Brazil compared to the United States. Unlike other countries whose judicial system faces a massive blockage of cases and loads of paperwork, Brazil has sufficient workforce to handle its cases.

When Brazil changed its Constitution in 1988, it created many rights and people realized that they could litigate to get them. Today, this has become easy thanks to a large number of lawyers in the country. As a former Portuguese colony, Brazil largely derives its law from Portuguese civil law as well as the Roman-Germanic legal tradition. The 2001 constitutional amendment introduced a system similar to the stare decisis known as Súmula Vinculante. According to a section of the amended Brazilian Constitution, only the Supreme Court can publish rules, and it is the obligation of the inferior courts and judges to abide by the interpretations of the Supreme Court.

The Brazilian Constitution demands that anyone who wishes to practice the legal profession should have a degree of Bachelors of Law and approval of Examination of Order. Law graduates who want to act on behalf of a client in a Court of Law need to register at the Order of Attorneys of Brazil. Only duly registered candidates can offer legal consultation and represent a client before the Court. The exam ensures that legal professionals who practice law have a high level of legal knowledge and understanding.

Ricardo Tosto Carvalho de Oliveira is a stellar example of a knowledgeable legal expert. He is a prominent lawyer in Brazil and is considered a market leader in the field of law. According to Latinlawyer.com, Ricardo Tosto has practiced law for more than 15 years especially in the areas of business, international and electoral law. In the business law area, Mr. Tosto majors in bank contracts, credit recovery, bankruptcy, corporate restructuring, and acquisition review. Ricardo runs his law firm, Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados which is one of the most distinguished offices in Brazil.